Closing date: July 19, 2021
The purpose of this consultancy is to support the development of a national Social and Behavior Change Communication (SBCC) strategy for the promotion of positive practices in relation to early childhood development (ECD) in Angola.
The consultancy will look at evidence available on the underlying, intermediate and root causes of poor practice of nurturing care and build an evidence-based communication and community engagement strategy addressing the identified bottlenecks to behavior and social change.
The strategy development exercise will incorporate analysis and communication for development approaches addressing key areas of childhood development on opportunities for early learning, good health, adequate nutrition with consideration of breastfeeding, micronutrients deficiency and complementary feeding, responsive caregiving, positive parenting and security and safety of the child. The strategy will address the main periods of early childhood: (i) from conception to birth (ii) from birth to three years, with an emphasis on the first 1,000 days (iii) and the pre-school and pre-primary years (three to 5 years, or the age of entry into school).
The main objectives of the strategy will consider:
Promoting stimulation and responsive care by parents and caregivers, specifically in the first 1,000 days
Using Angolan or African models of good practices of nurturing care that demonstrated positive results on child stimulation and development for modelling and scale up
Influencing policies and enhancing social accountability at community level to contribute to better quality of social services such as early learning services, nutritional services, maternal, newborn and child health care services, birth registration services
Guiding the harmonized implementation of SBCC programs to prevent malnutrition at the level of households and the community, based on the most up-to-date evidence of nutrition and the best practices of SBCC
Identifying behavioural determinants and communication channels documented in the existing literature, to support the contextualization of communication messages and SBCC approaches
Providing guidelines for the development of contextualized communication messages following a systematic SBCC process
Establishing the SBCC principles that must be followed to promote best practices to prevent malnutrition
Protecting young children from harsh discipline and promoting positive parenting
Promoting improved hygiene practices and sanitation
Influencing social and gender norms for creating a conducive environment for nurturing care from both parents, families and communities during the early age of the child.
The objectives are subject to adjustment based on the review of evidence that will be conducted during the consultancy.
The consultant should use a participatory approach that involves all key players in the sector and develop a National Strategy that is appropriate and reflects the country’s overall situation. For the purpose, the work will include consultations, interviews, and workshops with key stakeholders.
If the practice is to start from global knowledge and adapt it to the local context, the methodology of the current assignment is rather to start compiling and analyzing local good or promising practices and experiences, especially in terms of child stimulation and nurturing care and, taking into consideration the global knowledge, modeling the local experience for the final purpose of dissemination to reach more communities in Angola as positive models. The assignment starts from the assumption that Angola and other African countries in the region have nurturing practices that are specific to the local context and that have shown positive results in terms of child development. These practices have more chance to be accepted, adopted, internalized, and sustained. Therefore, the consultant will start by inventorying local and regional practices that can serve as models and be replicated, adapted, or encouraged, by making sure that local practices do not contradict to those promoted by UNICEF at the global level.
The KAP ECD strategy conducted in 2020 (UNICEF) should be one of the basis for developing the SBCC strategy by tackling the Angolan specific challenges in relation to nurturing care at early age. The strategy should be in line with the capacity of communities and the education, health, nutrition and child protection sectors, in general, to guarantee their sustainability in the medium and long term. The SBCC strategy should have a holistic approach addressing the various spheres of the Angolan society: starting from the communication actions at the individual level but also, addressing social and gender norms at community level with the involvement of community leaders and social networks. The role of community engagement to provide feedback for contributing to a better access to social services is also critical and should be properly analyzed in the strategy document with suggestions on social accountability approaches that can be implemented or reinforced in the context of Angola. Finally, the issue of advocacy for policy and norms change also needs to be adequately addressed for an effective impact.
Duties and responsibilities
Under the supervision of the Chief of C4D, and in close coordination with the Chief of Sections (Education, CSD/Nutrition, Child Protection, Wash), and the Governmental partners ie. Ministry of Education, the National Directorate of Public Health, the Ministry of Social Action, Families and Gender (MASFAMU), the National Children’s Institute (INAC), and the Ministry of Justice, the consultant will carry out the following activities:
Based on a ToR that will be developed by the consultant, create a Technical Working Group (TWG) to contribute to the preparation and review of the process and support the approval of the intermediate documents produced during the consultancy. Provincial representatives are to be included in the TWG.
Draw up a work schedule, including the level of stakeholder’s participation. The following validation process of the national strategy is proposed:
At the onset of consultancy, the consultant meets with the TWG to validate key steps of the development of the strategy. Representatives from the TWG will propose mechanism for ensuring full involvement of senior personnel in the process
The consultant provides the draft strategy to the TWG – maximum of 2 rounds of review by the consultant after TWG inputs
The consultant presents the final strategy to the senior personnel for validation (share the strategy one week before a validation workshop to give participants time to review it)
Conduct documentary research on practices, guidelines, recommendations and other relevant national and international materials related to ECD, to serve as input in the development of the SBCC strategy.
Hold intersectoral consultation meetings (face-to-face and/or online) with the different Ministries, partners, NGOs and community leaders, to collectively contribute to the preparation of the SBCC Strategy. A visit is to be done to at least two provinces to collect perspectives outside of Luanda.
Identify and map all existing Organizations and partners, with advocacy and social mobilization actions underway in the communities and the promotion of acceptable practices in the areas of education, health, nutrition, child protection and hygiene and sanitation
Identify the main challenges that limit the practice of nurturing care in Angola as well as the dissemination and sharing of information related to ECD
List and analyze local good or promising practices in child stimulation and nurturing care in Angola and in Africa through desk review and consultations
Prepare and present the draft SBCC Strategy for review and approval of the working group, including the Operational Plan, advocacy folder , executive summary and PowerPoint . The Strategy must contain but not limited to the following information: Situation analysis
Context: ECD in Angola, demographic and other data; existing policies, strategies, systems and structures, partnership landscape, available resources, coordination between sectors and implementation levels (national, provincial, municipal, communal, community)
Audience analysis: primary, secondary and tertiary participants with analysis of bottlenecks to nurturing care and opportunities for each audience
Communication landscape : by desk review, define which communication channels are the most effective for which audience and issues in Angola
Previous actions conducted by the Government and partners in the area of ECD and any change observed, and lessons learned
Global, regional, national lessons learned on SBCC strategies for enhancing nurturing care
SBCC theoretical model adapted to the area of intervention (ECD) and types of determinants influencing nurturing care practices Strategy design
Objectives for behavior and social change
SBCC strategies and approaches – including models of approaches taken from the analysis of local good or promising practices in terms of child stimulation and nurturing care in Angola and in Africa for dissemination and scale up
Communication channels: characteristics, mix and match of channels, channels and target audience match
Messages and communication channels
Operational Plan with activities, responsible body, detailed schedule of activities and resources needed
Monitoring and Evaluation Plan
Organize and facilitate a workshop with key partners to present and validate the National SBCC strategy for ECD. The workshop is to be done online ensuring full participation of provincial representatives unless there is a strong recommendation from the TWG for holding the meeting in presential or in a mixed approach.
The majority of the consultancy will take place remotely; especially the individual activities such as desk review and the development of the draft strategy. The meetings and workshop involving mainly the TWG members and UNICEF staff will be done remotely. Furthermore, the interviews of stakeholders or intersectoral consultations might be done remotely or in-person depending on the agreement with the key informants. It is estimated that a visit of at least 5 working days to two provinces that will be chosen by the TWG will be required to get insights on the situation related to the ECD outside of Luanda, to have closer interaction with the provincial stakeholders and to make a direct observation of the situation.
Estimated Time Required in Angola:
Visit in two Provinces – 10 working days
Luanda / intersectoral consultations – at least 10 working days
To apply for this job please visit jobs.unicef.org.