Intimate partner violence against women is a complex, enormously prevalent crime with devastating effects on women’s safety, health, and well being. With one out of three women worldwide experiencing this violence, its magnitude presents complex challenges to justice systems when survivors of violence seek to formally prosecute perpetrators. Further exacerbating this challenge are the varying individual, family, and community ideas about whether and how such violence – considered a private family matter in many cultural and social contexts – should be made public at all, let alone prosecuted.
Feminist activists insist on a core ethical standard that women survivors of intimate partner violence determine their own course of action in response to violence. But significant obstacles exist in every direction survivors of intimate partner violence may turn.
Both anecdotal and empirical evidence suggests that, in the face of these obstacles, a significant proportion of women survivors of intimate partner violence choose community-based alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms to help address the violence they are facing. Research finds that as many as 80 percent of disputes made public in the Global South are addressed through the informal justice system.
This report examines how well ADR mechanisms have addressed violence for women around the world by examining the following:
- What do ADR responses to intimate partner violence look like, particularly in the Global South?
- To what extent do these approaches prioritize the voice and agency of women survivors of intimate partner violence?
- What examples exist of ADR approaches that better prioritize the voice and agency of women survivors of intimate partner violence?
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In areas with high, moderate, low, and very low transmission alike, use and uptake of malaria interventions rely heavily on community awareness, demand, and acceptance of essential commodities and services. While the WHO has recently developed a malaria elimination
framework and has a number of established policies, manuals, and recommendations, detailed guidance does not yet exist for social and behavior change (SBC) in different transmission settings. While the Roll Back Malaria Strategic Framework for Malaria Social and Behavior
Change Communication provides standard approaches, best practices, and indicators, it does not do so in malaria elimination contexts. This document describes the landscape of current SBC programming in such contexts and provides a number of considerations for future inquiry
This document describes ways in which program planners and implementers might tailor their efforts to specific malaria transmission strata and suggests a number of operational research questions. Three case studies exemplify considerations raised and describe the role of SBC in
strengthening the fight against malaria:
• The first case study from Zambia describes a successful interpersonal communication (IPC) approach paired with community-owned surveillance.
• The second case study from the Greater Mekong sub-Region describes multi-channel, cross-border initiatives.
• The third case study from South America describes the Amazon Malaria Initiative’s regional coordination.
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The current outbreak of Ebola in eastern DR Congo, beginning in 2018, emerged in a complex and violent political and security environment. Community-level prevention and outbreak control measures appear to be dependent on public trust in relevant authorities and information, but little scholarship has explored these issues. The authors aimed to investigate the role of trust and misinformation on individual preventive behaviours during an outbreak of Ebola virus disease.
961 adults were surveyed between Sept 1 and Sept 16, 2018. The findings underscore the practical implications of mistrust and misinformation for outbreak control.
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Inclusive peace, or the idea that all stakeholders in a society should have a role in defining and shaping peace, is receiving widespread global recognition. Still, despite the progress made through the increased recognition of inclusive peace at the theoretical and policy level, it has proven difficult to achieve in reality. Peace Direct teamed up with the Inclusive Peace & Transition Initiative and the Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict to explore the dynamics of inclusivity and peacebuilding in further detail in this report.
The report includes in-depth case studies from around the world, that help us to understand the strategies employed by grassroots peacebuilders to counter the challenges to effective inclusion in peacebuilding. From Nigeria to DR Congo, explore the case studies below to see what has worked (or not) in particular situations, and the successes, challenges and stalemates encountered on the pursuit to inclusive peace.
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